Kunya-Urgench – Old Gurgānj. Located on the south side of the Amu-Darya River, Old Urgench was situated on one of the most important medieval paths: the Silk Road, the crossroad of western and eastern civilizations. It is the site of the ancient town of Urgench, which contains the ruins of the capital of Khorezm, a part of the Achaemenid Empire. The old town contains a series of monuments mainly from the 11th to 16th centuries, including a mosque, the gates of a caravanserai, fortresses, mausoleums, and a 60-m high minaret. The monuments testify to outstanding achievements in architecture and craftsmanship whose influence reached Iran and Afghanistan, and later the architecture of the Mogul Empire of 16th-century India.  In 2005, the ruins of Old Urgench were inscribed on the UNESCO List of World Heritage Sites.

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