In general, all foreign tourists are required to have a visa to enter the Turkmenistan. A tourist visa is issued by the Immigration Service of the Turkmenistan based on an invitation letter(LOI) from a licensed travel agency in Turkmenistan. The approval period usually takes 5 working days.
After approval of LOI tourists may obtain a visa at any Turkmenistan embassy or consulate abroad and obtain it on arrival at Ashgabat airport, the Turkmenistan borders at Farab (Bukhara, Uzbekistan), Shavat (Khiva, Uzbekistan), Khojeyli (Nukus, Uzbekistan), Gaudan (Bajgiran/Mashhad, Iran), Bekdash (Aktau, Kazakhstan),Serakhs (Iran), Serhetabat (Afghanistan),Gurgen(Balkan) and Turkmenbashi (the Caspian Sea Port).
For the letter of invitation(LOI):
1.Scan of passport
3.Filled application form
Turkmen Transit Visa:
The Turkmenistan transit visa is issued for 3-7 days. How many days you get is essentially up to the whims of the official granting the visa, but 5 days is standard. 7 days is rarely given.
Note that it is a transit visa: this means you need to go from one country to another through Turkmenistan. You cannot go back to the same country you came from on a transit visa.
Flying in and out is possible. This does not mean the consul will say you can do it. It simply means people have gotten a transit visa this way in the past.
Uzbekistan – Turkmenistan – Kazakhstan and Afghanistan – Turkmenistan – Uzbekistan have been accepted and rejected in equal measure. Seeing you don’t have to cross Turkmenistan for these routes, it’s really up to the consul to decide.
To apply for a transit visa, go to a Turkmen embassy with the documents listed under Visa requirements and registration. If you are applying on the road, additionally see Embassy reports.
You cannot enter Turkmenistan before the start date or leave after the expiry date of your visa, but you can enter after the start date and leave before the expiry date.
You need to enter your entry and exit points on the visa application form. Previously, we said you should not enter or exit from a different border crossing than the one stated on your visa.