To enter Turkmenistan all leisure travelers are required to have a transit or tourist visa. The tourist visas are delivered on the basis of an approved visa support letter, also referred to as a Letter of Invitation (LOI). Trawelco is a licensed tourism travel agency in Turkmenistan that can provide you with the Letter of Invitation. The LOI requires usually 5 working days to process. Once the LOI is has been issued/approved, we will send a scanned copy of it to you by email.
With an approved LOI you can apply for your visa at a Turkmen embassy or consulate abroad, or at the international airport in Ashgabat upon arrival, or obtain it directly at the Turkmen land borders at Farab (Bukhara, Uzbekistan), Shavat (Khiva, Uzbekistan), Khojeyli (Nukus, Uzbekistan), Gaudan (Bajgiran/Mashhad, Iran), Bekdash (Aktau, Kazakhstan),Serakhs (Iran), Serhetabat (Afghanistan),Gurgen(Balkan) and Turkmenbashi (the Caspian Sea Port).
Next to the LOI, an Entry Travel Pass and country registration is automatically required. Trawelco travel agency provides you automatically with these services if you order a tour, or if you book as a minimum all transport and accommodation services through our agency for the full duration of your stay in Turkmenistan.
You do not need to wait at home for the mail to arrive with your LOI; we will send you a scanned copy to your email address, so all you need is a place with access to Internet and a printer, in order to arrive at the Turkmen border with a printed LOI copy.
Transit visas are issued only directly at Turkmen embassies abroad. Please contact the relevant embassy directly for detailed information about prices and procedures.
Turkmen Embassies can be found in Armenia, Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Austria, Belgium, Belarus, Germany, France, China, India, Iran, Pakistan, Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, UK, USA, UAE, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan.
Check the Internet for the most recent information, and contact the embassies prior to arriving there to collect your Turkmen visa, as there may be differences between various embassies in terms of visa cost and duration, and processing requirements and their duration.
Turkmenistan Transit Visa:
The Turkmenistan transit visa is issued for 3-7 days. How many days you get is essentially up to the whims of the official granting the visa, although 5 days is standard. 7 days is rarely given.
Note that it is a transit visa: this means you need to go from one country to another through Turkmenistan. You cannot go back to the same country you came from on a transit visa.
Flying in and out is possible. This does not mean the consul will say you can do it. It simply means people have gotten a transit visa this way in the past.
Uzbekistan – Turkmenistan – Kazakhstan and Afghanistan – Turkmenistan – Uzbekistan have been accepted and rejected in equal measure. Seeing you don’t have to cross Turkmenistan for these routes, it’s really up to the consul to decide.
To apply for a transit visa, go to a Turkmen embassy with the documents listed under Visa requirements . If you are applying on the road, additionally see Embassy reports.
You cannot enter Turkmenistan before the start date or leave after the expiry date of your visa, although you can enter after the start date and leave before the expiry date.
You need to enter your entry and exit points on the visa application form. Previously, we said you should not enter or exit from a different border crossing than the one stated on your visa.
- The company doesn’t include fee for Turkmen entry visas into the program’s price. You pay cash at airport, border or embassy, i.e. at any place you get the Turkmenistan entry visa. Be ready to pay cash for the migration card when you cross the border. The company charges you for the letter of invitation and other services;
- As our company offers you different itineraries around Turkmenistan it is difficult to give a total price. You may choose any tour on the web site and ask the manager for the price. Also, you can include or exclude some points of the program. Even you may propose your program of sightseeing. According to that the manager will make an individual programs, calculate it and e-mail you immediately.
Most of this is addressed below as well, but it is repeated here for your (and our) convenience.
Can I apply for a Turkmen transit visa if I fly in or out?
Yes. Doesn’t mean they will accept it, but it has been done in the past.
Can I arrive later and depart earlier than the dates on my visa?
You cannot enter Turkmenistan before the start date or leave after the expiry date of your visa, but you can enter after the start date and leave before the expiry date.
What if I want to take the ferry over the Caspian Sea but it is late and my transit Turkmen visa runs out?
This is no longer a big issue since visas now have a 3-month validity window. Previously, the following was true…
When going from Turkmenbashi to Baku, previously, you could get stamped out by the border guards before your boat had arrived and wait beyond the border if your transit visa has expired. Then there were a few reports of people who could no longer do that and got fined or deported, around 2015-2017.
In 2018, we got a report saying the situation had reversed once again: once you have your ticket you can enter the waiting area of Turkmenbashi port and get stamped out and NOT be deported.
If you arrive late in Turkmenbashi from Baku and your visa is expired, you will be deported back to Azerbaijan and, since you probably are not allowed to enter there either, onwards to Georgia or elsewhere.
How long in advance can I apply? Can I apply again if I got rejected?
3 months in advance is a standard maximum, but earlier is possible too. You can try again if you got rejected the first time. They might grant it to you on the second go. Or they might not. In Tehran, you can only apply 1 month in advance.