This originated in 1932 as the Esenguly Nature Reserve, covering the coastal environment of the far southwest of Turkmenistan. Its emblem was the flamingo, one of the showiest of the species found in the area. The Krasnovodsk Gulf was added to the reserve in 1968, bringing a new emblem, the coot. The reserve includes the offshore sanctuary of Ogurchinsky Island, to which permission to visit is not usually given to non-specialists. This is home to thousands of Caspian seals as well as a protected population of goitred gazelle, established on the island in the 1980s. The Hazar Reserve is particularly celebrated for its diverse population of wintering birds: Turkmenbashy Gulf and the coast to the south offer excellent opportunities for ornithologists.